Rare Gold Mohur coin of Queen Nurjahan, wife of Mughal Emperor Jahangir..
This spectacular rare coin is a gold Mohur of Nurjahan, wife of Mughal Emperor Jahangir. Minted in Agra, India, during 1626-1627 AD.
Nur Jahan, wife of Mughal King Jahangir, was born in 1577, in Kandahar near then Persia and named Mihrunnisa or Mehrunissa.
In 1594, at the age of seventeen, Mihrunnisa was married to Ali Quli Khan Istajlu, a Persian.
Her father, Mirza Ghiyas Beg, had fled the poverty of his homeland Persia and, with her mother, Asmat Begam, and her one sister and two brothers, went to the Mughal court of King Akbar at Fatehpur Sikri in India. Akbar’s India or the Mughal empire, was centered in Agra then.
It was to this court at Fatehpur Sikri Agra, then, that Ghiyas Beg came, and received the greetings of the Mughal emperor.
Later tradition says that it was during the early years that Mihrunnisa first met Salim, the future emperor Jahangir (1605-27). Salim noticed her, and fell in love with her.
Akbar died in October of 1605, and soon after that Prince Salim was proclaimed emperor of Mughal India, taking the name Nuruddin Muhammad Jahangir Padshah Ghazi.
Meanwhile Mihrunnisa’s first husband now named Sher Afgan, was murdered under suspicious circumstances, possibly on Jahangir’s orders.
In 1611 Mihrunnisa married Jahangir. In 1616, the emperor Jahangir gave her a new title Nur Jahan (or Noor Jehan), or “Light of the World.”
King Jahangir’s addiction to alcohol, and opium made it easier for Nur Jahan to exert her influence over Mughal governance.
Subsequently, Nur Jahan’s powers grew so vast, that she acquired all the rights of sovereignty & government normally due the emperor Jahangir.
Nurjahan declared herself the authority through coins issued henceforth from Ahemdabad, Akbarnagar, Allahabad, Agra, Kashmir, Patna, Surat and Lahore.
She was the only Mughal empress to have coinage struck in her name.
The spectacular rare coin above, is a gold Mohur of Nurjahan, Minted at Agra, dated AH 1036 / RY 21.
The Couplet reads:
بحکم شاه جهانگیر یافت صد زور
ز نام نور جهان بادشاه بگم زر
Ba-Hukm-i-Shah Jahangir yaft Sad Zewar
Translated: By the order of Jahangir gold attained hundred beauties.
Za-naam-i-Noor Jahan Badshah Begam zar
Translated: When the name of Nurjahan, the Badshah Begum was inscribed on it.
This Gold Mohur was sold for a mind boggling price of INR 76,00,000 or INR 76 Lakhs (Approximately USD $100,000) by Todywalla Auctions in 2016 in Mumbai, India.
Jahangir died on 28 October 1627.
In 1628, Shah Jahan became the new Mughal emperor, and Nur Jahan spent the remainder of her life confined in a mansion in Lahore. Nur Jahan died on 17 December 1645 at the age of 68.
She is buried at her tomb in Shahdara Bagh in Lahore, Pakistan.